Hunter-Gatherers and Maasai of Northern Tanzania

Hunter-Gatherers and Maasai of Northern Tanzania

Hunter-Gatherers and Maasai of Northern Tanzania

Hunter-Gatherers and Maasai of Northern Tanzania

Hunter-Gatherers and Maasai of Northern Tanzania

Hunter-Gatherers and Maasai of Northern Tanzania

Hunter-Gatherers and Maasai of Northern Tanzania

Hunter-Gatherers and Maasai of Northern Tanzania








This route has been designed to introduce you to the remote parts of Northern Tanzania where you can still witness the old ways of life which remain relatively unaffected by globalization pressures. This unique experience will give you valuable insight into the life of people who inhabit the interior of the country and who stand strong to preserve their cultural legacy for the next generations.

The route is aimed at taking you on the journey of exploration and discovery of three very special tribes - Maasai, Hadzabe and Barabaig.

There is no better opportunity to get to know these tribes' way of living without diving deep into their everyday life and observing and participating in their activities. You will be able to spend meaningful time with the local people getting a first-hand cultural experience. Camping with the tribes and taking your time during your visits will contribute to a more intimate connection between you and your hosts and therefore a better understanding of the indigenous people.

Finish your trip with an incredible African wildlife experience in Tarangire National Park - one of the gems of Tanzania. Spot the big mammals and track the predators. The resident animals include elephants, Lion, Cheetah, Giraffe, Wildebeest, Zebra, Hyena, Leopard and more.

Throughout your trip, you will be traveling in a private safari vehicle and will be accompanied by one of our professional expert guides. In the villages, our indigenous guides will be here to help you with smooth communication between you and the tribes providing you with all the necessary knowledge about your hosting communities.

This tour will be perfect for curious, open-minded and adventurous travelers and for those who feel comfortable camping and sleeping in tents and/or in local guesthouses with basic facilities. Although we are dedicated to making the camping as comfortable as possible providing hot showers and toilet facilities in the remote areas, the comforts of such a remote camp are still not comparable to the ones of the fully equipped lodge. 

This tour is focused on intimate cultural interactions, therefore in order to not overwhelm the people who will welcome us in their homes, the number of participants is limited to 6.

Our driver will be waiting for you at the airport to transfer you to your lodge in Arusha before your trip begins the following day. Upon arrival at the lodge, a member of our team will meet you for a briefing and Q&A relating to your safari.

In the morning be ready for a 3-hour drive to Babati. There you will make a stop for lunch. Take a canoe in Babati River or have a short walk in the rural area before proceeding to Haidom (it will take another 3 hours to get there). Visit the remote Barabaig settlement.

Spend a full day with Barabaig people observing their daily activities and/or rituals with dancing and singing. In the late afternoon, drive to Haidom town to one of the local guest houses.

Haidom area in Manyara Region in Northern Tanzania is a very unique place not only in Tanzania but also in whole Africa in the sense that it is the only area in Africa where all the four main ethno-linguistic groups of the continent namely Bantu, Khoisans, Nilotics and Cushitic meet in one frontier.
Each of these groups has a distinct language, culture, historical understanding and mode of resource utilization. The area consists of many different tribes, some of which have been living in the area for hundreds of years and are still living their traditional lifestyle. It is the melting pot of culture!

In the morning head towards lake Eyasi. There is no paved road from Haidom to Hadzabe settlement so be ready to spend 2-3 hours on an unpaved and dusty road passing through the dry jungle and gigantic baobab trees, a true adventure! Upon arrival at the Hadzabe settlement, enjoy an evening hunt with them or join the women in their afternoon activities, such as digging out the roots of fetching water. Overnight camping in the Hadzabe village.

There are approximately 1000 individuals who self-identify as Hadzabe. Of this total, approximately 300 are nomadic and live a hunting and gathering lifestyle, collecting over 95% of the food that they consume. The Hadza cosmology includes the sun, moon, stars and their ancestors. They have a creation story that describes how the Hadza came to populate the earth. It involves descending to earth, either from a baobab tree or down the neck of a giraffe. The Hadzabe have an egalitarian social structure, there is no political structure, formal or informal, at the tribal level. Society is typically organized in camps. The Hadza have very little accumulated wealth and most do not participate in a market economy. When there is a “new moon”, the Hadza perform their ritual epeme dance, which only occurs under the cover of darkness. The epeme dance involves men taking turns dressing up and dancing as the embodiment of their ancestors for the women and children of the camp.

After leisurely breakfast and morning activities with Hadzabe, drive towards Lake Eyasi shore and fishermen village. Visit the market and meet the spectacular sunset on the lakeshore.

Lake Eyasi is a shallow and salty lake. The size of the lake varies greatly depending on the season. During the dry season, the animals are forced to share the little water left, which makes it easier to spot wildlife. And the wet season, with the water level, largely increasing, attracts the hippos. The landscape of Lake Eyasi is peculiar, mostly sandy and dry, lined with cactus trees (Euphorbia ingens), umbrella thorn acacia, and sandpaper bush, but with patches of tropical vegetation, such as palm trees. During sunset hours, the lakeshore turns into one of the most beautiful places in East Africa.

Early in the morning drive in the direction of Tarangire National Park with a stop in Karatu town. Karatu is a small colorful town on the edge of Ngorongoro Conservation Area with a big marketplace with rainbow stalls. Karatu is an ideal growing area for coffee because of the mineral-rich volcanic soil and the altitude of the northern highlands. We will stop at a cozy coffee plantation lodge located in the beautiful green countryside. If you are interested in the coffee production process, you are welcome for a guided tour around the coffee plantation in the area.

Early morning drive to Tarangire National Park. Tarangire is truly one of the best parks in Tanzania. The dry season (June to October) is the most exciting month for wildlife viewing when the animals gather at water points around the park making it easy to spot them. During your safari in the park, you may see the large herds of elephants, some giraffes, buffalos, dik-diks, zebras, and of course the big cats! The scenery in Tarangire consists of acacia woodland, baobab trees, and savannah grassland.

After a morning game drive in Tarangire, proceed to Engaruka Village to visit the remote Maasai settlement and enjoy a breathtaking landscape at the escarpment of the Great Rift Valley. Go for an evening hike around Engaruka or spend time with the locals. Overnight camping in the Maasai village.

One of the famous tribes of Africa, the nomadic and pastoralist Maasai people are a Nilotic ethnic group inhabiting selected but large parts of northern Tanzania. Traditional Maasai people's lifestyle concentrates on their cattle which make up the primary source of food. Amongst the Maasai the measure of a man's wealth is in terms of children and cattle. So the more the better. They believe that a man who has plenty of cattle but not many children is considered to be poor and vice versa. A Maasai myth says that God afforded them all the cattle on earth, resulting in the belief that rustling from other tribes is a matter of claiming what is rightfully theirs. The traditional Maasai diet consists of six basic foods: meat, blood, milk, fat, honey, and tree bark. They drink both fresh and curdled milk. The fresh milk is sometimes mixed with fresh cattle blood. The Maasai people don't use instruments when they are singing or dancing. All of their music is vocal, except for the large horns used for certain songs.

After a leisurely breakfast, drive to Lake Natron (approximately 3 hours). Arrive at Engaresero Village, a large Maasai settlement, check into your lodge and enjoy an evening walk along the lakeshore with thousands of flamingos and pelicans.

Lake Natron is one of the most serene and famous lakes in Tanzania. The area around Lake Natron is deserted with a hot climate due to its lowest point in the Tanzanian Great Rift Valley. Lake Natron is a shallow sliver of highly alkaline water that attracts millions of flamingos every year between August and October. Zebra and giraffe are common, and other wildlife includes wildebeest, zebra, fringe-eared oryx, Grant’s and Thomson’s gazelle, and even the odd lion and cheetah.

After a morning hike to the escarpment of the Great Rift Valley and a gorge with picturesque waterfalls, be ready for a long drive back to Arusha (approximately 5 hours).

End of arrangements.

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